I-US isungula uphononongo lweCandelo 301 loPhando eTshayina, iiRhafu zinokunyuswa.

I-Ofisi yoMmeli wezoRhwebo e-United States yazisa nge-3rd kaMeyi ukuba izenzo ezimbini zokumisela iirhafu kwiimpahla zaseTshayina ezithunyelwa eUnited States ngokusekelwe kwiziphumo ezibizwa ngokuba yi "301 uphando" kwiminyaka emine edlulileyo iya kugqiba ngoJulayi 6 kwaye. Ngo-Agasti 23 kulo nyaka ngokulandelelanayo.Ngoko nangoko, i-ofisi iya kuqalisa inkqubo yophononongo olusemthethweni malunga namanyathelo afanelekileyo.

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Igosa le-US Trade Representative lathi kwisiteyitimenti kwangolo suku lunye ukuba liza kwazisa abameli bamashishini asekhaya ase-US abaxhamla kwiirhafu ezongezelelweyo e-China ukuba iirhafu zinokuphakanyiswa.Abameli boshishino bade babe ngomhla wesi-5 kweyeKhala kunye ne-22 ka-Agasti ukuba bafake isicelo kwiofisi ukugcina amaxabiso.I-ofisi iya kuphonononga iintlawulo ezifanelekileyo ngokwesiseko sesicelo, kwaye ezi ntlawulo ziya kugcinwa ngexesha lophononongo.

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Ummeli wezoRhwebo wase-US u-Dai Qi uthe kulo mcimbi ngomhla we-2 ukuba urhulumente wase-US uya kuthatha onke amanyathelo omgaqo-nkqubo ukunqanda ukunyuka kwamaxabiso, ebonisa ukuba ukunciphisa iirhafu kwiimpahla zaseTshayina ezithunyelwa e-United States ziya kuqwalaselwa.

 

Oko kubizwa ngokuba “luphando lwe-301” lusuka kwiCandelo lama-301 loMthetho woRhwebo wase-US ka-1974. Eli solotya ligunyazisa uMmeli wezoRhwebo wase-US ukuba aqalise uphando “kwizenzo zorhwebo ezingenangqiqo okanye ezingafanelekanga” zamanye amazwe kwaye, emva kophando, licebisa ukuba umongameli wase-US wawisa izohlwayo ezisecaleni.Olu phando lwaqalwa, lwaphandwa, lwagwetywa lwaza lwaphunyezwa yi-United States ngokwayo, kwaye yayinocalucalulo oluqinileyo.Ngokutsho kwento ebizwa ngokuba "uphando lwe-301", i-United States ibeke iirhafu ze-25% kwiimpahla ezingeniswe e-China kwiibhetshi ezimbini ukususela ngoJulayi no-Agasti 2018.

 

Ukumiselwa kweerhafu zase-US kwi-China kuye kwachaswa kakhulu ngamashishini ase-US kunye nabathengi.Ngenxa yokunyuka okubukhali koxinzelelo lokunyuka kwamaxabiso, kuye kwakho ukuphinda kuhlaziywe kweefowuni e-United States ukunciphisa okanye ukukhulula iirhafu ezongezelelweyo kwi-China kutshanje.UDalip Singh, usekela-sekela-mongameli wase-US kwimicimbi yezokhuseleko yelizwe, uthe kutsha nje ezinye zeerhafu ezibekwe yi-US e-China "azinanjongo yobuchule."Urhulumente womdibaniso unokuthoba amaxabiso kwiimpahla zaseTshayina ezifana neebhayisekile kunye nempahla yokunxiba ukunceda ukunciphisa ukunyuka kwamaxabiso.

 

Unobhala kaNondyebo wase-US uJanet Yellen uphinde wathi kutsha nje urhulumente wase-US ufunda ngononophelo isicwangciso sakhe sokurhweba kunye neTshayina, kwaye "kufanelekile ukuqwalasela" ukurhoxisa iirhafu ezongezelelweyo kwiimpahla zaseTshayina ezithunyelwa e-US.

 

Isithethi soMphathiswa wezoRhwebo e-China ngaphambili sathi ukunyuswa komrhumo ohlangeneyo yi-United States ayilungele i-China, i-United States kunye nehlabathi.Kwimeko ekhoyo ngoku apho ukunyuka kwamaxabiso kuyaqhubeka nokunyuka kunye nokuchacha koqoqosho lwehlabathi kujongene nemingeni, kuyathenjwa ukuba icala lase-US liza kuqhubekeka kwizinto ezinomdla kubathengi kunye nabavelisi e-China nase-US, lirhoxise zonke iirhafu ezongezelelweyo e-China ngokukhawuleza okukhulu. , kunye nokutyhalela phambili ubudlelwane boqoqosho norhwebo bubuyele kumkhondo wesiqhelo ngokukhawuleza.

 


Ixesha lokuposa: May-06-2022