I-IRENA: Ufakelo lwe-PV lwehlabathi jikelele "lutyalwa" nge-133GW ngo-2021!

Ngokutsho kweNgxelo yeNkcazo ye-2022 yoMveliso waMandla aVuselelwayo kutshanje ekhutshwe yi-Arhente yaMandla aHlaziywayo yamazwe ngamazwe (IRENA), ihlabathi liya kwongeza i-257 GW yamandla avuselelekayo ngo-2021, ukunyuka kwe-9.1% xa kuthelekiswa nonyaka odlulileyo, kwaye kuzisa i-cumulative global renewable. ukuveliswa kwamandla ukuya kwi-3TW (3,064GW).

 

Phakathi kwabo, amandla ombane afake isandla esona sabelo sikhulu kwi-1,230GW.I-PV yomhlaba wonke efakwe amandla ikhule ngokukhawuleza nge-19%, ifikelele kwi-133GW.

图片5

 

Umthamo wamandla omoya ofakelweyo ngo-2021 ngama-93GW, ukonyuka nge-13%.Lilonke, ii-photovoltaics kunye namandla omoya ziya kwenza i-88% yokongeza amandla ombane ahlaziyekayo ngo-2021.

 

I-Asiya lelona galelo likhulu kumthamo omtsha ofakiweyo kwihlabathi jikelele

 

I-Asiya lelona galelo likhulu kumthamo omtsha ofakiweyo wehlabathi, kunye ne-154.7GW yesakhono esitsha esifakelweyo, esibalelwa kwi-48% yomthamo omtsha ofakiweyo wehlabathi.Umthamo wamandla ohlaziyekayo wase-Asiya ofakelweyo wafikelela kwi-1.46 TW ngo-2021, i-China yongeza i-121 GW ngaphandle kobhubhani we-Covid-19.

 

IYurophu kunye noMntla Melika zongeze i-39 GW kunye ne-38 GW ngokulandelanayo, ngelixa i-US yongeza i-32 GW yomthamo ofakiweyo.

 

ISivumelwano soBuchule seNtsebenziswano se-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe ngaMandla aVuselelekayo

 

Ngaphandle kwenkqubela phambili ekhawulezileyo yokuthunyelwa kwamandla ahlaziyekayo kuqoqosho oluphambili lwehlabathi, i-Arhente yaMandla aHlaziywayo yaMazwe ngaMazwe (IRENA) yagxininisa kwingxelo yokuba ukuveliswa kwamandla ahlaziyekayo kufuneka kukhule ngokukhawuleza kunemfuno yamandla.

 

UFrancesco La Camera, uMlawuli-Jikelele we-Arhente yaMandla aHlaziywayo yaMazwe ngaMazwe (IRENA), uthe, “Le nkqubela phambili iqhubekayo ibobunye ubungqina bokomelela kwamandla ahlaziyekayo.Ukukhula okumandla kunyaka ophelileyo kubonelela amazwe ngamathuba amaninzi okufikelela kwimithombo yamandla ahlaziyekayo.Iinzuzo ezininzi zentlalo noqoqosho.Nangona kunjalo, ngaphandle kweendlela ezikhuthazayo zehlabathi, iGlobal Energy Transition Outlook ibonisa ukuba isantya kunye nobungakanani benguqu yamandla akwanelanga ukunqanda iziphumo ezibi zokutshintsha kwemozulu.

 

I-Arhente yaMandla aHlaziywayo yaMazwe ngaMazwe (IRENA) ebutsheni balo nyaka yasungula isikimu sesivumelwano sentsebenziswano sobuchule ukuvumela amazwe abelane ngezimvo zokuphumeza iinjongo zokungathathi hlangothi kwekhabhoni.Amazwe amaninzi nawo athatha amanyathelo, anjengokusebenzisa ihydrogen eluhlaza ukugcina umbane.Ngokwamanani akhutshwe yi-arhente, i-hydrogen iya kwenza ubuncinci i-12% yamandla ewonke ukuba ujoliso lwemozulu yehlabathi luhlala ngaphakathi kwe-1.5 ° C yobushushu beSivumelwano saseParis ngo-2050.

 

ISivumelwano soBuchule seNtsebenziswano se-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe ngaMandla aVuselelekayo

 

Ngaphandle kwenkqubela phambili ekhawulezileyo yokuthunyelwa kwamandla ahlaziyekayo kuqoqosho oluphambili lwehlabathi, i-Arhente yaMandla aHlaziywayo yaMazwe ngaMazwe (IRENA) yagxininisa kwingxelo yokuba ukuveliswa kwamandla ahlaziyekayo kufuneka kukhule ngokukhawuleza kunemfuno yamandla.

 

UFrancesco La Camera, uMlawuli-Jikelele we-Arhente yaMandla aHlaziywayo yaMazwe ngaMazwe (IRENA), uthe, “Le nkqubela phambili iqhubekayo ibobunye ubungqina bokomelela kwamandla ahlaziyekayo.Ukukhula okumandla kunyaka ophelileyo kubonelela amazwe ngamathuba amaninzi okufikelela kwimithombo yamandla ahlaziyekayo.Iinzuzo ezininzi zentlalo noqoqosho.Nangona kunjalo, ngaphandle kweendlela ezikhuthazayo zehlabathi, iGlobal Energy Transition Outlook ibonisa ukuba isantya kunye nobungakanani benguqu yamandla akwanelanga ukunqanda iziphumo ezibi zokutshintsha kwemozulu.

 

I-Arhente yaMandla aHlaziywayo yaMazwe ngaMazwe (IRENA) ebutsheni balo nyaka yasungula isikimu sesivumelwano sentsebenziswano sobuchule ukuvumela amazwe abelane ngezimvo zokuphumeza iinjongo zokungathathi hlangothi kwekhabhoni.Amazwe amaninzi nawo athatha amanyathelo, anjengokusebenzisa ihydrogen eluhlaza ukugcina umbane.Ngokwamanani akhutshwe yi-arhente, i-hydrogen iya kwenza ubuncinci i-12% yamandla ewonke ukuba ujoliso lwemozulu yehlabathi luhlala ngaphakathi kwe-1.5 ° C yobushushu beSivumelwano saseParis ngo-2050.

 

Ukubanakho ukuphuhlisa i-hydrogen eluhlaza eIndiya

 

Urhulumente wase-Indiya utyikitye isivumelwano sobuchule bobambiswano kunye ne-Arhente yaMandla aHlaziywayo yaMazwe ngaMazwe (IRENA) ngoJanuwari walo nyaka.Ikhamera igxininise ukuba i-Indiya yindawo yamandla ahlaziyekayo ezinikele kutshintsho lwamandla.Kule minyaka mihlanu idlulileyo, amandla e-India adityanisiweyo afakwe ngokutsha afikelele kwi-53GW, ngelixa ilizwe longeza i-13GW ngo-2021.

 

Ukuxhasa i-decarbonization kuqoqosho lwemizi-mveliso, i-Indiya ikwasebenzela ukwakha isixokelelwano sonikezelo lwamandla ombane nge-hydrogen.Phantsi kobambiswano ekufikelelwe kulo, uRhulumente wase-Indiya kunye ne-Arhente yaMandla aHlaziywayo yaMazwe ngaMazwe (IRENA) bajolise kwi-hydrogen eluhlaza njengesixhobo sokutshintsha amandla e-India kunye nomthombo omtsha wokuthunyelwa kwamandla ngaphandle.

 

Ngokutsho kwengxelo yophando epapashwe yi-Mercom India Research, i-Indiya ifake i-150.4GW yamandla ahlaziyekayo amandla kwikota yesine ye-2021. Iinkqubo ze-Photovoltaic zibalelwa kwi-32% yomthamo wamandla avuselelweyo afakwe kwikota yesine ye-2021.

 

Lilonke, isabelo sohlaziyo kulwandiso lokuveliswa kwamandla kwihlabathi liphela luya kufikelela kuma-81% ngo-2021, xa kuthelekiswa nama-79% kunyaka ongaphambili.Isabelo sohlaziyo lwamandla ewonke siza kukhula phantse nge-2% ngo-2021, ukusuka kuma-36.6% ngowama-2020 ukuya kuma-38.3% ngowama-2021.

 

Ngokweenkcukacha-manani ezisuka kwi-Arhente yaMandla yeZizwe ngezizwe, ukuveliswa kwamandla ahlaziyekayo kulindeleke ukuba kuthathe inxaxheba kuma-90% ewonke amandla ombane amatsha ehlabathi ngowama-2022.

21212121122121


Ixesha lokuposa: Apr-22-2022